An investigation led by Attorney General Eric Schneiderman has uncovered practices and abuses that he says prevents consumers from accessing tickets at affordable prices — or even accessing them at all.
Schneiderman also announced settlements with two ticket brokers that were illegally operating without a ticket reseller license. The businesses, MSMSS, LLC and Extra Base Tickets, LLC, have sold thousands of tickets to events in New York. The settlements require the companies and their principals to maintain a ticket reseller license and pay penalties for having operated illegally. MSMSS will pay $80,000 in penalties and Extra Base Tickets will pay $65,000.
The Attorney General’s Office began the investigation in response to a series of citizen complaints. The report on the investigation, entitled “Obstructed View: What’s Blocking New Yorkers from Getting Tickets,” details the middle-men and industry practices that work to keep affordable tickets out of the hands of ordinary New Yorkers.
“Ticketing is a fixed game,” Schneiderman said. “My office will continue to crack down on those who break our laws, prey on ordinary consumers, and deny New Yorkers affordable access to the concerts and sporting events they love. This investigation is just the beginning of our efforts to create a level playing field in the ticket industry.”
For the most popular concerts, the investigation found that many tickets are never made available to the general public in the first place. Rather, a majority of tickets for major entertainment events are either put on “hold” and reserved for a variety of industry insiders including the venues, artists or promoters, or reserved for “pre-sale” events and made available to non-public groups, such as those who carry particular credit cards.
On average, more than half of all tickets — 54 percent — are reserved for insiders. Those reserved tickets are split between insider holds and pre-sales.
In addition, the investigation found that venues and ticket sellers such as Ticketmaster regularly tacked on fees that added more than 21 percent to the face price of tickets, and in some extreme cases, added more than the face-value price of the ticket.
“The revelation that the concert and sport ticket industry is unfair is nothing new, however discovering how deep it goes is certainly unsettling,” said Assemblyman Jeffrey Dinowitz, chair of the Assembly Committee on Consumer Affairs and Protection. “This unscrupulous system is detrimental to the thousands of fans out there who are just trying to see their favorite show or sports team.”
The investigation further discovered that third-party brokers resell tickets on sites like StubHub and TicketsNow at average margins of 49 percent above face-value — sometimes more than 1,000 percent.
Some of the brokers are using illegal specialty software — called “ticket bots” — to quickly purchase as many desirable tickets as possible and resell them at a significant markup. The investigation, for instance, found that on December 8, 2014, a single broker used a bot to purchase 1,012 tickets to a June 2015 U2 show at Madison Square Garden within the very first minute of the sale. The investigation confirms that hundreds of thousands of tickets are being acquired using illegal software.
“Ticket vendors charging substantial fees, or withholding tickets to distribute to industry insiders have created a system that is decidedly unfair to the general public,” said Dinowitz, D-Bronx. “Moreover, the existing system has also enabled a select few to buy tickets in bulk to Broadway shows like ‘Hamilton,’ or big concerts like Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, only to sell them on the secondary market at outrageous markups — these people are nothing short of vultures.”